apple-watch

#12: Apple Watch, Apple Pay and the IoT

Apple changed the world again — yawn! — with their fall 2014 keynote. The shockwaves of those announcements will reverberate through the Internet of Things for years, if not decades.

Yes Virginia, there were MP3 players before the iPod, phones before the iPhone, and wearables before the Apple Watch. But Apple’s entry into wearables isn’t just a technical exercise — because it’s Apple, it’s a cultural event.

In this episode,  Andreea and Charles talk about how Apple’s new product and service announcement impact the Internet of Things.

 

Missile

#11: Drones — “The Flying IoT”

Flying IoT: Drones are not just for delivering your Amazon packages, eliminating terrorist threats across the globe and spying on your neighbors. Did you know that they can be used to get a leg up on hunting feral pigs? Or that starting your own drone business could be the next hottest startup? Charles and Andreea explore the wild world of Drones and the mysterious airspace they live in.

Topics

  • Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) or (UAS) Unmanned Aerial Systems vs (RPV) Remotely Piloted Vehicles:
    • Computes- Sliding level of autonomy, self-aware enough to avoid collisions and to get back to their charging station in time
    • Connects- Wifi, GPS, RFID
    • Communicates- Remote Sensing – Electromagnetic spectrum sensors (visual, infrared, near infrared & radar), Gamma Ray Sensors, Biological Sensors, Chemical Sensors etc.
    • Open-source software
  • LAPD adds drones to their arsenal – Safe or Creepy?
  • World’s First Drone Ambulance – Air Mule Tactical Robotics
  • Hear Charles’ Drone Voice!
  • Getting the ultimate footage with Camera drones – Film companies negotiate with the FAA
  • Drones deliver drinks at nightclubs and Drone Pizza Delivery in India
  • How is a drone different from a flying toddler?
  •  Exploratory/Education:
    1. Archaelogists
    2. Mapping capabilities
    3. Forest Fire Detection
    4. Tracking Feral Pigs & reporting to hunters
    5. Hunting hurricanes
  • DIY Drones! Start your own Drone Business!
  • Facial and gesture recognition and what that means for the military and the paprazzi
  • Ecosystem chat: Google – Loon for Wifi distribution and Facebook purchased Titan Aerospace
  • 80,000 Volts of Awesomeness!
  • Legal/Regulatory/Safety Concerns:
    • History: 83 ft above from roof top is Private, 500 ft and up is Public
    • FAA banned all commercial drones as of May 30, 2014
  • A Hack-proof drone?!!?!?!?! DARPA is convinced!

References:

"Steve Austin vs. Inspector Gadget" by JD Hancock is licensed under CC BY 2.0

#10: Bionics, Prosthetics & Human Enhancement

It’s a whole new world when the Internet of Things is part of you. In the future, everyone will be IoT-enhanced — bodies and minds connected via the internet to other things and people, everyone enhanced beyond normal human abilities.

Join  Andreea and Charles as they go beyond wearables, and discuss a future where “the Internet of Things…is people!”

Topics

  • Dumb (passive) prosthetics vs. smart (active) prosthetics
  • Hugh Herr, MIT Media Lab
    • Powered ankle/foot prosthesis
  • How are these smart prosthetics be part of the IoT?
  • Benefits of connecting to your central nervous system
  • Darpa’s touch-sensitive prosthetic
  • Australian study on improving vision in mice
  • Argus 2 retinal prosthetic system
  • Bionic Vision Australia’s bionic eye
  • Type 1 diabetes
    • IoT pancreas
  • Internet of Nano-Things?
  • Sperm-bots
  • How do you power something that’s embedded inside your body?
  • Security: When hacks can kill
  • Intimacy and consequences of prosthetics vs. implants
  • Transhumanism and humanity’s conflicted relationship with enhancement
  • Sports
    • LZR Racer swimsuit broke 168 world records this year
      • Banned as performance-enhancing substance in the Vancouver 2010 Olympics
  • Military
  • What happens when the Internet is in everyone’s brain?
    • What happens when we can’t disconnect?
  • Life extension
  • Upgrades (!)
  • Timeframes
  • Flexible and temporary form factors
  • How the IoT changes drug administration
  • More personalized health
  • 3D printing and prosthetics

#9: Bitcoin & The IoT

Bitcoin can be used to pay for stuff, but it’s interesting for reasons that go way beyond that — and it may be especially interesting when applied to the Internet of Things. How interesting? We audaciously propose that Bitcoin will be central to the IoT.

Find out why in this episode, in which Charles and Andreea help contextualize bitcoin as it relates to the Internet of Things.

Bitcoin
CC image courtesy Jason Benjamin

Topics

  • What is bitcoin?
    • It’s a currency, like cash
      • Digital currency, a.k.a. crypto currency, a.k.a. smart cash
      • Anonymous (not really)
    • It’s a system
      • No central authority, a.k.a. distributed, a.k.a. decentralized
      • Invented by Satoshi Nakamoto
      • At the center: The “blockchain”
  • Currency is just one application of the underlying tech
    • Bitcoin (mostly) solves: How to get a people who don’t trust each other to reach consensus
    • We have not discovered the most interesting applications of underlying system
  • The bitcoin mining gold rush is over
  • Developers, entrepreneurs and investors are growing companies around the bitcoin ecosystem
  • The technology behind bitcoin
    • What is the blockchain?
  • Bitcoin gives IoT devices their own wallets
    • Why would things need their own wallet?
  • Boom! Micropayments
    • Why would things need to make tiny payments?
  • How bitcoin will revolutionize money in developing countries
  • Content monetization
  • Security
  • The most interesting uses of bitcoin have yet to be discovered
Beacon-Lighthouse

#8: Beacons & Micro-Location

Sure, GPS was a game-changer. But as stars were to ancient mariners, “beacons” are the true wayfinders of the Internet of Things. They’re the enabling tech behind “micro-location”, and they’re about to revolutionize location services all over again.

Beacon on clothes rack

Topics

  • What are “beacons”?
  • Beacons vs. iBeacons
    • Generic names vs. Apple branding
    • Compatibility
  • Cost
  • Design
  • Hardware and service providers
  • GPS vs BLE (Bluetooth Low Energy), and why you need both
  • Micro-location applications (see “Use cases” section below for more)
  • A way for retail to compete with Amazon?
  • Geofencing
  • Ultra-microlocation (!)
  • Light (vs. RF) becaons

Links

Use cases

While the use cases for this technology is pretty endless, here are just a few we touch on:

  • Airports
  • Shopping malls
  • Retail
    • Personalized shopping
    • In-store contextual advertising
    • Radically different checkout experience (“real-life one-click”)
  • Augmented reality
  • Casinos
  • Museums and libraries
  • Medicine (Proteus are pills that notify a patch that you’ve digested the pill)
  • Sports and games
  • Theme parks
  • Within a car (!)

 

#7: The End of Browsers

Right now, web browsers are your window to the internet. Thanks in part to the Internet of Things, that’s gonna change. Can’t imagine it? Listen to this, and you will!

end-of-browsers

This episode is about why and how, with some free extra bonus conversation about how the way we interact with “things” is going to look very different within our lifetimes.

Topics

  • The end of URLs?
  • Bigger screens, smaller screens, flexi-screens
  • The end of car mirrors?
  • Other ways the IoT will disintermediate browsers
  • The always-watching, always-listening IoT
  • Voice recognition
  • Distilling multiple inputs to emotional state and intent
  • Anticipatory computing
  • Devices sharing sensor data

Links

 

#6: Battle of the IoT Giants — Apple, Google, Samsung

The big three duke it out! Which company is best positioned to become the owner of the Internet of Things in the consumer market? Which will win in our first ever Farstuff Battle of the IoT Giants?

Stuff we talk about

  • Operating Systems
  • Gadgetry
  • Customer Reach
  • Our 3 C’s: Connect, Communicate, Compute
  • Android isn’t open source, it’s faux-pen source
  • Apple is a consumer electronics company, Google is a technology company
  • Web services for IoT devices
  • “Being the store” vs. “being the doormat”
  • “Apple has my credit card, so we’re in a relationship that way”
  • Hybrid (local+cloud) computing

The ridiculously arbitrary results

Contender Tech/OS Gadget Portfolio Customer Reach Services Total
Apple 10 15 20 10 55
Google 15 7 10 25 57
Samsung 1 20 3 0 24

 

#5: Monitoring the Monitors

Imagine a world where your every move, heartbeat, body temperature change and sleep is tracked by an intricate network of activity monitors. In this episode we talk about the wearable world of activity monitors, which live at the intersection of health and the Internet of Things.

Sensors in activity monitors

  • Accelerometer — G-force acceleration
  • Gyroscope — Rotation
  • Compass — Orientation
  • GPS — Location
  • Altimeter — Altitude

Activity monitors

Monitor Steps Calories Sleep More
Fitbit ($89-$130) Yes No Yes Stairs
Basis ($199) Yes No Yes Heart Rate
Withings Pulse Yes No Yes Distance, Heart Rate
Jawbone Up ($100) Yes No Yes Alarms
Nike Fuelband ($149) Yes Yes Yes Goals
Misfit Shine Yes Yes Yes Waterproof
Garmin Vivofit ($130-$170) Yes Yes Yes GPS
BodyMedia Fit ($89) Yes Yes Yes Temp
Striiv Play ($40) Yes Yes No Stairs
Fitbug Orb ($50) Yes Yes Yes Distance

More fashionable activity monitors

“Wearable” clothing (activity monitoring clothing)

Other fun diversions in this category

  • Whistle — The dog activity monitor
  • Google Glass — Come on! You know this will show up on lots of lists!
  • Notch — 10 sensors for athletic training
  • Tao Wellshell — Isometric device, pitting your muscles against themselves
  • Beddit — Sleep monitor for your bed, just slip it under your sheets
  • Trace — The ultimate for Surfers, Skateboarders, Skiers and Snowboarders
  • Empatica — Real-time stress monitor

Episode topics

  • Apple and iWatch and Healthbook, oh my
  • The possibility of privatized EHRs (electronic health records)
  • The Apple iWatch: It’s not a thing yet™!
  • What is the Internet of Things, again?
  • Gamification
  • Fashionable wearables
  • What’s in these things anyway? (See “What’s in activity monitors?”)
  • Accuracy (a.k.a. “truth devices”, a.k.a. how do they test these things?)
  • The smarts is in the software
  • “Wearable clothing”
  • Smart socks
  • Prescribing the Internet of Things
  • Implications for sports, including board sports
  • IoT-based scoring

#4: What Happens When Things Can Think?

(Hey, we’re back! Preparation for SXSW and a product launch interrupted our release schedule, but we’ll try to avoid gaps like that again in the future.)

What’s the likelihood that our network of Internet of Things will exceed our own human intellect? What would this mean for the rights of robots? Join us for a fun discussion involving some of our favorite fictional robots, and speculation about what the world would look like with a society that includes incredibly intelligent creatures of our own making.

Shows and characters we mention:

We talk about:

  • What is “The Singularity”?
  • Sentient Roombas
  • But will it have Scarlett Johansson’s voice?
  • Robot civil rights
  • My Siri and your Siri
  • “I wanna see that movie!”
  • The robot version of X-Men
  • Analogy with other civil rights movenents
  • Why Will Smith gotta be mean to robots?
  • “Doing almost nothing all of the time”
  • Hoping Watson stays on our side
  • Capping AI skill levels
  • Robot labor party!
  • Paying people to be your friend
  • Virtual pop stars vs. meatspace pop stars: Fight!
  • “Well I think that you wouldn’t want a used one”
  • Dogs vs. Furbys

Enjoy! We’d appreciate it if you could help us get the word out about Farstuff by sharing your thoughts on the podcast to your social media network(s) of choice.

#3: Core IoT Standards Overview

This episode is our first about standards, and in this episode we focus on standards shared with the “I” in the Internet of Things.

  • IoT standards start with internet and web standards
  • Proprietary ecosystems will have an early advantage
  • Big companies and standards: “It’s complicated”
  • “Standards are like an endlessly-layered cake”
  • IP: “Best effort” (a.k.a. unreliable) packet delivery
  • TCP: Reliable, ordered and error-checked delivery of info
  • UDP: “Spray and pray”
  • REST: A de facto standard for talking to services
  • How toasters will talk
  • Wireless protocols
  • Wi-Fi
  • Bluetooth
  • 4G (and 3G, and 2.5G…)
  • Home automation standards
  • “The wiggle-waggle dance of honeybees”

 

The podcast for makers and fans of the Internet of Things