#29 • When a Smart Jet is Your Co-Pilot — Dr. Bart Russell & Dr. Bill Casebeer, Lockheed Martin

Lockheed Martin is an impressive innovator in the symbiotic machine-human tech development space. With an impressive array of sensors, haptic feedback points and a sophisticated AI system, a fighter jet and its pilot are more linked than ever before.

This is just a fraction of the innovation happening there, learn more by checking out the latest news at Lockheed Martin Innovation.

Lockheed Martin is one of the largest companies in the aerospace, defense, security, and technologies industry. With a mission to solve complex challenges, advance scientific discovery and deliver innovative solutions to help our customers keep people safe, it is the world’s largest defense contractor. Headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland, Lockheed Martin is a global security and aerospace company that employs approximately 98,000 people worldwide and is principally engaged in the research, design, development, manufacture, integration and sustainment of advanced technology systems, products and services. Lockheed Martin is led by Marillyn A. Hewson, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer.

As a global security, innovation, and aerospace company, the majority of Lockheed Martin’s business is with the U.S. Department of Defense and U.S. federal government agencies. In addition, Sikorsky (a Lockheed Martin Company) provides military and rotary-wing aircraft to all five branches of the U.S. armed forces along with military services and commercial operators in 40 nations. The remaining portion of Lockheed Martin’s business is comprised of international government and commercial sales of products, services and platforms.


Dr. Bart Russell is a Senior Research Scientist in the Human Systems and Autonomy research area within Lockheed Martin’s Advanced Technology Laboratories. There she uses her expertise in human neurophysiology to help design systems that monitor, assess, and adapt to the human operator to optimize overall human-system performance, and interfaces that maximize the efficiency of information exchange and collaborative behavior in human-machine partnerships. To understand how human systems change and react to extreme military situations, Bart’s research includes understanding the ways stress affects human attention, emotional regulation, perception and information processing. As part of that work she has adapted methods quantifying volitional attention control for applied research and possible integration into operational systems. Some of the work she has most enjoyed includes field research studying elite military units in training and selection courses to understand how cognition, memory and decision-making breaks down under intense, prolonged stress. She is particularly interested in why some people, including members of Special Operations Forces and other elite military units, perform well despite extreme and high-threat conditions, while most fail.

Prior to and while completing her Ph.D., Bart spent more than a decade conducting strategic assessments and analysis of the operational relevance, opportunities, and threats associated with emerging biotechnological developments in human performance for the Department of Defense (SAIC 2003-2006, Scitor Corporation, 2006-2014). She was a fellow with the Center for Advanced Study of Language (CASL) between 2008-2012 where she studied the effects of burnout on verbal and visuospatial working memory and executive function.

She has a Bachelor of Arts from Northwestern University, a Master of Arts in Security Studies from Georgetown University, and a PhD in Neuroscience and Cognitive science from the University of Maryland, College Park.


Dr. Bill Casebeer is a Research Area Manager in Human Systems and Autonomy for Lockheed Martin’s Advanced Technology Laboratories, where he leads science and technology development programs to improve human performance and the ability of people and autonomous technology to work together on teams. Bill served as a Program Manager at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency from 2010-14 in the Defense Sciences Office and in the Biological Technologies Office, where he established DARPA’s neuroethics program. He retired from active duty as a US Air Force Lieutenant Colonel and intelligence analyst in August 2011, where he earned multiple Distinguished Meritorious Service medals. Formerly an Associate Professor of Philosophy at the Air Force Academy, Casebeer was a fellow at the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government 2005-2006. He was a term member of the Council on Foreign Relations and is an experienced Middle East analyst with multiple deployments to the region. Bill is author of Natural Ethical Facts: Evolution, Connectionism, and Moral Cognition (MIT Press), co-author of Warlords Rising: Confronting Violent Non-State Actors (Lexington Books), and has published on topics from the morality of torture interrogation to the rhetoric of evil in international relations in venues such as Nature Reviews Neuroscience, Biology and Philosophy, and International Studies. His research interests include the intersections of cognitive science and national security policy, neuroethics, autonomous technology, political violence, philosophy of mind, and human performance. He holds a Bachelor of Science in political science from the US Air Force Academy, a Master of Arts in national security studies from the Naval Postgraduate School, a Master of Arts in philosophy from the University of Arizona and a joint PhD in cognitive science and philosophy from the University of California at San Diego.